The Islamic Calendar: Which Islamic date is today? What is today’s date in Islam?

The Islamic calendar (also known as the Hijri calendar) consists of 12 months lunar months. The Islamic calendar is based on the moon. Also known as the Hijri Calendar, it started after the Hijrah (Migration) of the Prophet (peace be upon him) from Mecca to Medina.

The beginning of each month is contingent on the visibility of the moon at the end of the previous month. Once the moon is sighted, the new month commences. Each month starts with a new lunar cycle. Hence, the Muslim Calendar gives only a tentative overview of the upcoming Islamic dates as the start of each month is subject to the sighting of the moon.

The Islamic calendar consists of 12 months similar to the Gregorian calendar. However, it consists of 354-355 days unlike the 365-366 days in the regular calendar. The Islamic New Year starts off with Muharram followed by Safar, Rabi al-awwal, Rabi al-Thani, Jumada al-awwal, Jumada al-Thani, Rajab, Shaban, Ramadan, Shawwal, Dhul Qadah and Dhul Hijjah.

Waging war during four of these months is forbidden as they are considered sacred:

“The year is of twelve months, out of which four months are sacred: Three are in succession Dhul-Qa’ da, Dhul-Hijjah and Muharram, and (the fourth is) Rajab…” (Bukhari 3197)

Islamic holidays and events like Eid ul Fitr, Hajj and Eid ul Adha among many others are held according to the dates of the Islamic calendar.

A few articles for more information on the Hijra: